Langjökull (The Long Glacier) is the second largest glacier in Iceland, situated in the western part of the Icelandic Highlands, it is the closest glacier to Reykjavík. The glacier extends over an area of 953 cubic square meters, at its highest point it is 1450 meters above sea level, giving visitors the feeling they are walking on the roof of the world. Langjökull is surrounded by stunning mountain peaks, many of which rise to between 1200 meters and 1350 meters above sea level. Péturshorn is the highest peak at 1355 meters, Skríðufell rises to 1235 meters and there is the lower but wonderfully named Jarlhattur, which means the earl´s hat in English.
Where does the Langjökull meltwater go?
A little of the surface meltwater from Langjökull feeds into the two Hvítá rivers and their various tributaries. Hvítá to the south flows through the powerful and famous Gullfoss waterfall and the other flows out to Borgarfjörður. The majority of the meltwater from Langjökull drains beneath the ground from whence it reappears in some surprising places! The Geysir area at Haukadalur and the Deildartunguhver hot springs in the Borgarfjörður region are both nourished by the meltwater from Langjökull. Water from the glacier flows through the lava for around 50 years all the way to Þingvallarvatn, the amazingly clear lake at Þingvellir (Thingvellir) National Park and the famous Silfra fissure, a famous diving, and snorkeling site.
Gullfoss waterfall, a part of the famous Golden Circle.
Is there any volcanic activity at Langjökull glacier?
Underneath Langjökull two or even possible more volcanic systems can be found. The calderas can easily be seen from the air. The most famous of these is Hveravellir with its hot springs and a high-temperature area in the eastern parts of the glacier. It is known that during an ice age some shield volcanoes of the same system covered large plains with lava. This is the area we now today call Kjölur: The Kjölur Lava or Kjalhraun. The lava field is about 7,800 years old.
Another but smaller volcanic system lies on the northwest part of the glacier in the Arnarvatnaheiði area, just north of the glacier Eiríksjökull. The craters of this system produced the Hallmundarhraun lava field about 1,000 years ago. This lava field covers about 50 km going onwards into the canyon of Hvítá and is traversed by underground streams which merge together at the stunning waterfalls of Hraunfossar. Another volcanic system to the
Then we have yet another volcanic system, Presthnúkur, located in the southwest of Langjökull. Right at its foot, we have really high temperatures and a rhyolite dome. Presthnúkar’s fissures extend under Langjökull glacier.
Even though all these volcanic systems are there they aren’t very active compared to other regions in Iceland.
The area has only has about 32 eruptions in the last 100,000 years. Which on Icelandic scale is very low activity.
Snowmobile.is on Langjökull glacier
Our snowmobiling base camp on Langjökull glacier is within easy traveling distance of Reykjavík. There are two highland roads which lead up to Langjökull: Kjölur (F 35), which connects to the southern part and Kaldidalur (F 550), connecting to the western part of the glacier. Our base camp is situated on the Kjölur road.
The drive up to the base isn’t recommended for small cars.
Up at the base we have wonderful facilites and this is where we store all the gear and the snowmobiles.
At our base up on the glacier we will have a breafing, give your all the information needed and help you into the proper gear.
Here is one of the houses we have up on the glacier to store snowmobiles.
Next we will guide you to snowmobiles and you can get ready for the trip of a lifetime. Snowmobiling across a huge glacier in Iceland, it really doesn’t get much better than this.
The standard ride is about an hour on the glacier and the trails can change quite a lot. Weather can vary a lot on the glacier and our guides are experts in finding the absolute best spots with the best visibility at each time. You are in the safest hands with Snowmobile.is on the glacier.
Our guides will take you to see all of the best the glacier has to offer all whilst riding a powerful snowmobile. Enjoy the experience!